Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Sunday, June 16, 2019 09:51:22 PM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Analysis of a classroom interaction

By
09th-Nov-2014       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Steve Jones :
(From previous issue)
"This house is called a "Queenslander" - has anyone heard of that before….it has verandahs - and is often raised on stilts to let cool breezes in to the house" It was encouraging to note that many students appeared relaxed and motivated in the classroom environment. Taylor makes the point in much of his work on the subject, that active participation from students in the classroom is integral to a successful learning experience for many language students. He states that "activities undertaken in an atmosphere conducive to active participation…can be intrinsically motivating and can engage learners directly. (Taylor 1982:49) This activity drew on students prior knowledge, looked to identify concepts and skills the students both had and did not have, and aimed to introduce some new concepts, vocabulary in context and cultural meanings. This particular classroom interaction saw the teacher take on a clear and planned role in the first stages of the lesson - she set up the activities without making herself too 'prominent' in the classroom, and then became more of a 'facilitator' in the later stages of the lesson when students were working more independently. This lesson highlighted the teachers' flexibility in taking on different roles to suit different activities and student needs in the classroom. Evidence of the teacher as a facilitator exists as discussed briefly above, however, the teacher also took on the role of 'prompter' and 'participant' - for example when role-playing as a tradesman with students reporting problems in the home.
"Hello, what seems to be the problem with your sink?"
"Did some food get blocked in the pipe?"
"The paint is peeling on your walls - do you want me to fix that?"
The role of the teacher in the interaction is flexible and 'in tune' with student needs and learning styles. The role of the teacher is both facilitative and controlling - and this lesson highlights the importance of flexibility and adaptability in the classroom. As Harmer states, 'good teachers must be prepared to adapt and alter their plans…  and (act not only as a controller) but in the role of prompter and participant also. (Harmer 1991: 239-241)
Material used in the interaction:
It was interesting to note that the teacher in question used a variety of different materials and resources in the lesson. A course book was utilized during part of the lesson, as well as supplementary materials such as magazines, handouts/worksheets, and flash-cards.
The lesson made some use of the 'set' textbook, 'Reward Intermediate' (Reward 2003) which appeared to be used rather more as a helpful aid and facilitator of language learning rather than as the major teaching tool in the program. The materials in the set textbook appear to be reasonably flexible and offer a balance of activities and experiences for the language learner. The textbook provides meaningful and realistic learning tasks but did need to be used selectively throughout the lesson. Students responded positively to the combination of using the textbook in conjunction with flash-cards, magazines, pictures and so on. Using a variety of materials is advised by the majority of English language teaching experts - it helps individual students to understand and develop their own specific language skills and learning styles.
Materials used in the interaction can be classed as both 'controlled, non-authentic' texts and resources and authentic 'real' texts. Using actual pictures of houses from the "Gold Coast Bulletin" was just one example of allowing students to experience authentic materials in the classroom.  The students are given a variety of 'roughly-tuned' as well as completely authentic materials such as pictures of houses, yellow pages advertisements for handymen and teacher role-play participation in class throughout the lesson. A selection of reading material, listening tasks, pictorial stimuli, and question and comprehension sheets as well as the course book were used effectively in the lesson.
Material appeared to be culturally sensitive, clearly structured and user-friendly which are all important considerations in the ESL classroom. The course book has a clear and uncluttered layout and presentation and appears to present a 'balanced' insight into English language and society. McDonough and Shaw highlight the need for materials to be balanced, usable, flexible and engaging for both students and teachers in order to be effective in the language classroom. (McDonough & Shaw 2003: 65-66) The visual material used in the interaction was engaging and interesting for the students; it sparked debate and communication amongst the students in the classroom. This was pleasing to note because again, it catered to different learning styles and attitudes - some students who apparently disliked reading and comprehension exercises thoroughly enjoyed looking at the pictures of houses, speaking about why they liked them and so on. The material in the interaction catered to learners who perhaps felt more comfortable in the spoken language situation as well as those students who preferred using written material and tasks.
Conclusion:
After an analysis and observation of an ESL language classroom it has become clear that several language learning principles are involved in the lesson and overall program. The lesson embraced the idea of teaching as a learner-centred, humanistic activity - students are seen as social beings that need to learn in a realistic and communicative environment.
A balanced-activities approach underlies much of the lesson interaction and was followed by the teacher. The teacher made use of a selection of materials, teaching methods and strategies throughout the lesson in an attempt to provide a variety of learning experiences. The lesson and materials utilized ideas and concepts from a diverse range of language learning principles including the lexical approach, cognitive and communicative theories, affective and humanistic principles of language learning. A number of presumed principles of language learning and acquisition were also noted in the interaction and included the reading approach, communicative and cognitive principles, concepts of fossilization and natural order, and modality. A teacher is influenced by a great variety of language learning principles and theories, as   well as their own particular beliefs, values, style and perceptions. The classroom interaction witnessed highlighted the diverse range of learning principles which are often presumed or followed by teachers in the classroom - and in turn influence the learning environment and experience of the language learner.
(Concluded)

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Cricket »

More than just a game: India face Pakistan in World Cup battle royale


Virat Kohli will have history on his side when India take on arch-rivals Pakistan in a World Cup blockbuster on Sunday -- a clash that is always more than just a game of cricket.India cut off bilateral cricket ties with its neighbour after the 2008 Mumbai terror attacks, with authorities ...

Cricket »

Eoin Morgan downplays England's injury concerns


England captain Eoin Morgan said that his team is "not at panic stations", after he and Jason Roy left the field with discomfort during the game against West Indies in Southampton on Friday, 14 June.Both Roy and Morgan had left the field at different points during West Indies' innings and ...

International »

Iran President renews ultimatum over nuclear pact compliance


Reuters, Dushanbe :Iran will continue scaling back compliance with its nuclear deal commitments unless other signatories show "positive signals", the Iranian president told a meeting of Russian, Chinese and other Asian leaders in Tajikistan.Iran stopped complying in May with some commitments in a 2015 nuclear deal that was agreed with ...

Editorial »

Don't let successes go in vain


A total of 298 people were killed and 860 sustained injuries in road accidents across the country during the Eid-ul Fitr vacation. A report of Bangladesh Jatri Kallyan Samiti presented the statistics at a press conference at Dhaka Reporters' Unity on Saturday. It said the accidents took place within 13 ...

Entertainment »

Kareena to reunite with Aamir Khan for the Hindi remake of Forest Grump?


After Karan Johar's period drama, Takht and Homi Adajania's Angrezi Medium, Kareena Kapoor Khan has given her nod to another big project and it's one of the most awaited projects already. Thanks to the incredible popularity and credibility of its leading man, superstar Aamir Khan. Yes, after 3 Idiots (2009) ...

Editorial »

The tax-happy fat budget


THE government in the FY 2019-20 budget announcement set many promises including 8.2 percent GDP growth rate and bring down the inflation at 5.5 percent. In first look, we think the promises are over ambitious. The ever biggest budget of Tk 523,190 crore is a may appear as biggest mockery ...

City »

Bangabandhu Sangskritik Jote formed a human chain in front of the Jatiya Press Club on Friday greeting Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina and Finance Minister AHM Mostofa Kamal for presenting people-oriented budget.


.

International »

Iran has no intention to make or use nuclear weapons: Khamenei


Reuters, Tokyo :Iran has no intention of making or using nuclear weapons, Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei was quoted as saying on Thursday by Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.Khamenei's comment, a reiteration of Iran's stance, comes at a time of increased US-Iranian tension, a year after Washington abandoned an ...

Entertainment »

Deepika Padukone tops the list of Most Gorgeous Women in the World by a magazine


A Global Icon, Deepika Padukone tops the list of Most Gorgeous Women in the World from Bollywood. Giving a definition to beauty, Observer Dawn wrote: “Beautiful women in the world have created a magic history through their work and other qualities.” They further added, “There is definitely more to beauty ...

Editorial »

ACC miserably failed to meet people's expectation


PRIME MINISTER Sheikh Hasina on Wednesday told Parliament that the public perception about many of the Anti-Corruption Commission employees being involved in corruption was not totally baseless. Responding to a supplementary question from ruling Awami League lawmaker Rafiqul Islam, leader of the House said that all the employees of the ...

Cricket »

Vaughan calls Finch the best captain at CWC19


Aaron Finch's captaincy has earned him the praise of Michael Vaughan, who hailed Finch's tactical nous, following Australia's 41-run victory against Pakistan in Taunton on Wednesday, 12 June.Vaughan hailed Finch's shrewd and brave decision-making, and called him the best captain at the ICC Men's Cricket World Cup (CWC) 2019 so ...

International »

Abe urges Iran to play 'constructive role' to prevent clash with US


AFP, Tehran :Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe urged Tehran to play a "constructive role" for Middle East peace Wednesday during a rare diplomatic mission to the Islamic republic aimed at defusing US-Iran tensions.Iran has been locked in a bitter standoff with the United States since US President Donald Trump withdrew ...

International »

US-Russia relations are getting ‘worse and worse’: Putin


Reuters, Moscow :President Vladimir Putin said relations between Moscow and Washington were getting worse and worse, noting in an interview published on Thursday that the current U.S. administration had imposed dozens of sanctions on Russia.Putin made his gloomy assessment ahead of a G20 summit in Japan later this month at ...

Entertainment »

Ahona becoming busy with acting


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :Few months ago, popular TV actress of present time Ahona Rahman was seriously injured in a road accident. Before Eid after getting well she again became busy with acting. In Eid-ul-Fitr, Ahona acted several dramas and serials were telecasted in different TV channels. Her acting was highly ...

Entertainment »

Ishita getting appreciation for her new song


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :After releasing popular actress and singer Ishita’s new song titled Aamar Obhiman she is getting huge appreciation from the music-lovers for her emotional rendition. Title of the song is Kere nio raat-er joto ghum, Aro nio bishadgrostho bela, Mene nio nio ekla thaka, Durey rekho tomar obohela, ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news