Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Saturday, February 25, 2017 03:36:59 PM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Analysis of a classroom interaction

By
09th-Nov-2014       Readers ( 576 )   0 Comments
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all (0) »

Steve Jones :
(From previous issue)
"This house is called a "Queenslander" - has anyone heard of that before….it has verandahs - and is often raised on stilts to let cool breezes in to the house" It was encouraging to note that many students appeared relaxed and motivated in the classroom environment. Taylor makes the point in much of his work on the subject, that active participation from students in the classroom is integral to a successful learning experience for many language students. He states that "activities undertaken in an atmosphere conducive to active participation…can be intrinsically motivating and can engage learners directly. (Taylor 1982:49) This activity drew on students prior knowledge, looked to identify concepts and skills the students both had and did not have, and aimed to introduce some new concepts, vocabulary in context and cultural meanings. This particular classroom interaction saw the teacher take on a clear and planned role in the first stages of the lesson - she set up the activities without making herself too 'prominent' in the classroom, and then became more of a 'facilitator' in the later stages of the lesson when students were working more independently. This lesson highlighted the teachers' flexibility in taking on different roles to suit different activities and student needs in the classroom. Evidence of the teacher as a facilitator exists as discussed briefly above, however, the teacher also took on the role of 'prompter' and 'participant' - for example when role-playing as a tradesman with students reporting problems in the home.
"Hello, what seems to be the problem with your sink?"
"Did some food get blocked in the pipe?"
"The paint is peeling on your walls - do you want me to fix that?"
The role of the teacher in the interaction is flexible and 'in tune' with student needs and learning styles. The role of the teacher is both facilitative and controlling - and this lesson highlights the importance of flexibility and adaptability in the classroom. As Harmer states, 'good teachers must be prepared to adapt and alter their plans…  and (act not only as a controller) but in the role of prompter and participant also. (Harmer 1991: 239-241)
Material used in the interaction:
It was interesting to note that the teacher in question used a variety of different materials and resources in the lesson. A course book was utilized during part of the lesson, as well as supplementary materials such as magazines, handouts/worksheets, and flash-cards.
The lesson made some use of the 'set' textbook, 'Reward Intermediate' (Reward 2003) which appeared to be used rather more as a helpful aid and facilitator of language learning rather than as the major teaching tool in the program. The materials in the set textbook appear to be reasonably flexible and offer a balance of activities and experiences for the language learner. The textbook provides meaningful and realistic learning tasks but did need to be used selectively throughout the lesson. Students responded positively to the combination of using the textbook in conjunction with flash-cards, magazines, pictures and so on. Using a variety of materials is advised by the majority of English language teaching experts - it helps individual students to understand and develop their own specific language skills and learning styles.
Materials used in the interaction can be classed as both 'controlled, non-authentic' texts and resources and authentic 'real' texts. Using actual pictures of houses from the "Gold Coast Bulletin" was just one example of allowing students to experience authentic materials in the classroom.  The students are given a variety of 'roughly-tuned' as well as completely authentic materials such as pictures of houses, yellow pages advertisements for handymen and teacher role-play participation in class throughout the lesson. A selection of reading material, listening tasks, pictorial stimuli, and question and comprehension sheets as well as the course book were used effectively in the lesson.
Material appeared to be culturally sensitive, clearly structured and user-friendly which are all important considerations in the ESL classroom. The course book has a clear and uncluttered layout and presentation and appears to present a 'balanced' insight into English language and society. McDonough and Shaw highlight the need for materials to be balanced, usable, flexible and engaging for both students and teachers in order to be effective in the language classroom. (McDonough & Shaw 2003: 65-66) The visual material used in the interaction was engaging and interesting for the students; it sparked debate and communication amongst the students in the classroom. This was pleasing to note because again, it catered to different learning styles and attitudes - some students who apparently disliked reading and comprehension exercises thoroughly enjoyed looking at the pictures of houses, speaking about why they liked them and so on. The material in the interaction catered to learners who perhaps felt more comfortable in the spoken language situation as well as those students who preferred using written material and tasks.
Conclusion:
After an analysis and observation of an ESL language classroom it has become clear that several language learning principles are involved in the lesson and overall program. The lesson embraced the idea of teaching as a learner-centred, humanistic activity - students are seen as social beings that need to learn in a realistic and communicative environment.
A balanced-activities approach underlies much of the lesson interaction and was followed by the teacher. The teacher made use of a selection of materials, teaching methods and strategies throughout the lesson in an attempt to provide a variety of learning experiences. The lesson and materials utilized ideas and concepts from a diverse range of language learning principles including the lexical approach, cognitive and communicative theories, affective and humanistic principles of language learning. A number of presumed principles of language learning and acquisition were also noted in the interaction and included the reading approach, communicative and cognitive principles, concepts of fossilization and natural order, and modality. A teacher is influenced by a great variety of language learning principles and theories, as   well as their own particular beliefs, values, style and perceptions. The classroom interaction witnessed highlighted the diverse range of learning principles which are often presumed or followed by teachers in the classroom - and in turn influence the learning environment and experience of the language learner.
(Concluded)

0 Comments. Share your thoughts also.
Write a comment
Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

VIPs should concern with public safety, not their own special safety


IN a bid to boost the existing security facilities to our VIPs - Ministers, Members of Parliament, state Ministers, Deputy ministers and judges for that matter - the government is about to form a special police unit. The police headquarters have submitted a proposal to the Home Ministry in this ...

City »

Secretary of Rural Development and Cooperatives Division Dr Proshanto Kumar Roy, among others, at an orientation on 'Role of One House, One Farm in Achieving SDGs' in CIRDAP Auditorium in the city on Friday.


.

Entertainment »

Is Deepika doing the remake of Mr & Mrs Smith?


Bollywood actress Deepika Padukone on Thursday negated the reports that she was doing the official remake of Hollywood movie Mr & Mrs Smith. “Well, let’s set the record straight because there have been a lot of rumours regarding a lot of films I am supposedly doing. I think usually there ...

Cricket »

O`Keefe, Smith flatten India on day 2 in 1st Test


AFP, Pune :Left-arm spinner Steve Keefe grabbed a career-best haul of 6-35 to put Australia on top before skipper Steve Smith compounded India's misery with an unbeaten fifty in the first Test in Pune Friday.The visitors reached 143-4 at stumps on day two, which saw a total of 15 wickets ...

International »

White House adviser asks FBI to refute Russia story


AP, Washington :White House chief of staff Reince Priebus asked a top FBI official to dispute media reports that President Donald Trump's campaign advisers were frequently in touch with Russian intelligence agents during the election, a White House official said late Thursday.The official said Priebus' request came after the FBI ...

International »

Putin wants to stabilise Syria's 'legitimate' power


AFP, Moscow :Russian President Vladimir Putin said Thursday that Moscow's goal in Syria was to "stabilise the legitimate authority" and strike a "decisive blow" against terrorism."We have no plans to interfere in Syria's internal affairs," he told a group of naval officers returning from Syria, where six years of war ...

Editorial »

Mr Trump`s `demonising` policies threatening world peace


THE mass deportation that President Donald Trump has pressed in the past several days is only spreading fear and dividing the American nation. The Amnesty International's annual report, presented last Wednesday in Paris has objectively pointed out how the US President Donald Trump and some others like Philippine President Rodrigo ...

Football »

A moment of the Dhaka Metropolis Saif Power Tec Second Division Football League between City Club and Shantinagar Club at the Bir Shreshtha Shaheed Sepoy Mohammad Mostafa Kamal Stadium in Kamalapur on Thursday. City Club won the match by 6-1 goals.


Weekend Plus »

Horoscope of the week


Aries (Mar 21-Apr 20):  You may encourage those who are sincere and devoted by using unconventional methods and tactics, or by agreeing to discuss your real intentions. Such tendencies are supported by the fact that your romantic charms and social skills will be at their most effective.Taurus (Apr 21-May 21): ...

Weekend Plus »

Prof Hassan Shaheed Suhrawardy: Forgotten pride


Sunil Bandopadhaya :The Art Advisory Committee for the decoration of the first three buildings of the UNESCO Headquarters in Paris, which were officially inaugurated in 1958, held its first session from May 16 to 18, 1955. It included Herbert Read, Professor Hassan Shaheed Suhrawardy, then Pakistan’s Ambassador to Spain. Suhrawardy ...

Entertainment »

Mental health as important as physical health: Demi Lovato


Singer-actress Demi Lovato, who has been vocal about her battle with bipolar depression, believes that mental health is "just as important as physical health".Inspired by her own travails with mental health, Lovato recently served as an executive producer of a documentary called "Beyond Silence", which follows three individuals - Jeff ...

Weekend Plus »

Strawberry Chocolate Brownies


Ingredients250g - Dark chocolate250g - Unsalted butter360g - Caster sugar5 - Eggs5ml - Vanilla extracts100g - Strawberry chocolate (chopped)50g - Chopped nuts65g - All-purpose flour1 tsp - Baking powderFor GarnishFresh strawberriesVanilla ice creamChocolate garnishMethodPreheat the oven to 170 degree celsius.* Line a 24cm square baking tin with greaseproof paper.* Melt ...

SKETCH »

Amar Ekushey Book Fair


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :The month-long Amar Ekushey Boi Mela is going on in the capital amid foolproof security which began on February 1. Some days have already gone since its beginning. This time the Boi Mela takes a different look. This year the extent and range of the Boi Mela ...

International »

Syria`s warring sides trade fire as peace talks convene


Reuters, Beirut :Syrian warplanes carried out air strikes on rebel-held areas in Deraa, Hama and Aleppo provinces and insurgents fired rockets at government targets on Thursday, just as peace talks were set to resume in Geneva after a 10-month hiatus, a war monitoring group said.However, the overall level of violence ...

Sports »

India men`s and women`s Rollball teams, the champions of the men`s division and women`s division of the 4th Rollball World Cup pose for a photograph at the Shaheed Suhrawardy Indoor Stadium in Mirpur on Wednesday.


 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news