Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Monday, March 18, 2019 08:22:18 PM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Drug criminalisation

By
15th-Feb-2015       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Valdenor Junior :
With the execution of Brazilian citizen Marco Archer in Indonesia on 01/17 for cocaine trafficking, one question remains: Will the war on drugs continue to revert the achievements of civilization with cruel and absurd penalties?
It is not only Indonesia that punishes the purchase and sale of banned drugs. According to Harm Reduction International, an organization that pushes for harm reduction policies for drugs, 33 countries and territories punish drug crimes with death - in 13 of them, the sentence is mandatory.
The situation in these countries is an anomaly even for the international standards of the war on drugs, as defined by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. In a 2010 document, the executive director of the office states that drug policy should be limited by human rights as defined by international law: The death penalty, if it exists at all, must be restricted to crimes against life.
International law posits a radical principle: The state cannot be the ultimate arbiter of our rights. However, paradoxically, it recognizes the legitimacy of the state to criminalize drugs and thus ratifies state brutality, both in explicit cases such as Indonesia's and the more subtle ones we find in the Western World.
A report by the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) from 2013 showed that, in the US detention system, more than 3,000 prisoners were serving life sentences without parole for non-violent crimes - from drug crimes to crimes against property.
Cases such as Dale Wayne Green's are frequent: He was sentenced to life imprisonment without parole for his role as middleman in the sale of $20 worth of marijuana. It was his "third strike."In 2009, incredibly, the average sentence in rape cases was six years while the minimum sentence for possession of certain drugs is 10 years, and can jump to 20 years if the individual has a prior conviction.
In Brazil, the situation is mostly similar. Congress should vote soon on legislation - supported by the opposition candidate in the last presidential election - that lowers the age of majority for so-called "heinous crimes," among which Brazilian law lists "illicit trafficking of intoxicating substances and similar drugs."
The tendency to toughen Brazilian drug laws is clear after the 2014 elections of several congresspeople with strident anti-drug platforms. Meanwhile, re-elected president Dilma Rousseff also promised to strengthen "public security" concentrating more power in the federal government - just like what happened during the World Cup, integrating the army and police forces.
The consequences of the drug war in the country are visible: Several Brazilian cities have joined the list of cities with most murders in the planet and the country has a very extensive list of executions linked to drug trafficking - though extra-judicially, obviously.
Drug criminalization creates the cycle of violence in Brazil. We have to minimize criminal law to minimize violence. Marco Archer was not the first nor will he be the last victim of the Brazilian war on drugs.
Indonesia is cruel, but Brazil does not lag far behind. Marco Archer probably would not survive even here.
(Valdenor Junior is a Fellow at the Center for a Stateless Society (c4ss.org).)

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Football »

Zidane enjoys winning start but Atletico beaten in Bilbao


Zinedine Zidane brought Real Madrid's outcasts in from the cold and they repaid him with a win over Celta Vigo on Saturday but La Liga's title race could well be over after Atletico Madrid were beaten by Athletic Bilbao. Isco and Gareth Bale each scored in Madrid's 2-0 victory over ...

Editorial »

Land officials` wealth reports should be made public


THE Land Minister after taking charge in January openly declared a crusade against the corruption, and directed the officials and employees to submit their wealth reports by February 28. As per his order, the wealth reports have been submitted but these were not made public.  Rather, Land Secretary says the ...

International »

New Zealand digs graves as mosque massacre toll rises to 50


AP, Christchurch, New Zealand :Anguished relatives were anxiously waiting Sunday for authorities to release the remains of those who were killed in massacres at two mosques in the New Zealand city of Christchurch, while police announced the death toll from the racist attacks had risen to 50.Islamic law calls for ...

International »

Joe Biden (almost) announces he is running for President


AP, Dover :For a brief moment, former Vice President Joe Biden placed himself in the crowded field of Democratic presidential candidates during a speech on Saturday night. Biden seemingly described himself as one of the people "running" while noting he gets criticized by some progressives."I have the most progressive record ...

Entertainment »

Mim in web series


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :Few days ago, National Film Award winner actress Bidya Sinha Saha Mim acted in a web series titled Beauty & Bullet under Animesh Aich’s direction. Tahsan Khan was her co-actor in that series which yet not aired till now. Meanwhile, Mim has started shooting of Golam Sohrab ...

International »

US-Afghan tensions erupt over Kabul's exclusion from peace talks


Reuters, Washington  :The United States and Afghanistan clashed publicly on Thursday over U.S. peace talks with the Taliban, with a visiting Afghan official accusing the chief U.S. negotiator of "delegitimizing" the Kabul government by excluding it from the deliberations.The remarks by Hamdullah Mohib, a former ambassador to Washington who serves ...

Football »

FIFA votes for new Club World Cup, Euro clubs confirm boycott


FIFA will go ahead with a new 24-team Club World Cup starting in 2021, its President Gianni Infantino said on Friday, setting the world soccer governing body in conflict with Europe's top clubs.Infantino, speaking at a news conference, said FIFA had made the decision at its council meeting on Friday.The ...

City »

Children are engrossed in painting at a drawing competition organised by the Jatiya Press Club on the occasion of birthday of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and National Children's Day at the club on Saturday.


Editorial »

Harassment of female workers in foreign lands


Bangladeshi women staying in Saudi Arabia as domestic workers have been facing sexual abuse and physical torture for a long time. Recently, the issue has been conveyed to Saudi authorities. Recently, a Bangladesh delegation led by State Minister of Expatriates Welfare and Overseas Employment visited Saudi Arabia and met with ...

Entertainment »

Keerthy Suresh to star opposite Ajay Devgn in an upcoming biopic


Ajay Devgn is all set to embark on his next, a subject based on the life of Syed Abdul Rahim, revolving around football. The film will be directed by Amit Sharma, whose last directorial, Badhaai Ho made quite a noise at the box office. The latest update from that front ...

Editorial »

Global community must stand against hatred in all its forms


THE shocking news that hit the headlines of international media on Friday after 49 people were killed and at least 20 others critically injured by the gunmen at two mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand; the worst attack in country's history. As many as 41 people died at one mosque, seven ...

Entertainment »

Nayanthara starts shooting for Vijay's next film


Actor Vijay, last seen in AR Murugadoss's Sarkar, is all set to essay the role of a coach in his next outing with director Atlee. The film, currently dubbed as Thalapathy 63, stars Nayanthara as the leading lady and sources from the unit have confirmed that she has started shooting ...

International »

Pakistan will have better ties with India after polls: Imran


PTI, Islamabad :Pakistan will have better relations with its neighbours including India after the upcoming general elections, Prime Minister Imran Khan said on Thursday, claiming that Islamabad has taken the first step on a new path to peace and progress.Recently, tensions between India and Pakistan escalated after a suicide bomber ...

City »

Bangladesh Progati Lekhok Sangha brought out a rally on Dhaka University area on Friday on the occasion of its third national council.


.

Sports »

Federer, Nadal steam into Indian Wells quarter-finals


AFP, Indian Wells :Former champions Roger Federer and Rafael Nadal edged closer to a blockbuster semi-final showdown at the ATP Indian Wells Masters on Wednesday with brisk fourth-round wins.World number two Nadal overpowered Serbian qualifier Filip Krajinovic 6-3, 6-4 to book his quarter-final berth in one hour and 26 minutes.Federer, ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news