Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Wednesday, October 17, 2018 09:11:04 PM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter
BREAKING NEWS:

Turkish writer Yasar Kemal

photo by

By
06th-Mar-2015       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Yasar Kemal (born Kemal Sadik Gokceli; 6 October 1923 - 28 February 2015) was a Turkish writer of Kurdish ethnicity. He was one of Turkey's leading writers. Kemal was long a candidate for the Nobel Prize in Literature, on the strength of Memed, My Hawk.
An outspoken intellectual, he often did not hesitate to speak on sensitive issues. His activism resulted in a twenty-month suspended jail sentence, on charges of advocating separatism.
Kemal was born to Sadik and his wife Halime on in Hemite (now Gokcedam), a hamlet in the province of Osmaniye in southern Turkey. His parents were from Van and came into Cukurova during the First World War. Kemal had a difficult childhood because he lost his right eye due to a knife accident, when his father was slaughtering a sheep on Eid al-Adha, and had to witness as his father was stabbed to death by his adoptive son Yusuf while praying in a mosque when he was five years old. This traumatic experience left Kemal with a speech impediment, which lasted until he was twelve years old. At nine he started school in a neighboring village and continued his formal education in Kadirli, Osmaniye province.
Kemal was a locally noted bard before he started school, but was unappreciated by his widowed mother until he composed an elegy on the death of one of her eight brothers, all of whom were bandits. However, he forgot it and became interested in writing as a means to record his work when he questioned an itinerant peddler, who was doing his accounts. Ultimately, his village paid his way to university in Istanbul.
He worked for a while for rich farmers, guarding their river water against other farmers' unauthorised irrigation.
Later he worked as a letter-writer, then as a journalist, and finally as a novelist. He said that the Turkish police took his first two novels.
When Kemal was visiting Akdamar island in 1951, he saw the Island's Holy Cross Church being destroyed. Using his contacts to the public, he helped stop destruction of the site. However, the church remained in a neglected state until 2005, when restoration by the Turkish government began.
In 1952, Yasar Kemal married Thilda Serrero, a member of a prominent Sephardi Jewish family in Istanbul. Her grandfather, Jak Mandil Pasha, was the chief physician of the Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid II. She translated 17 of her husband's works into the English language. Thilda predeceased Yasar on January 17, 2001 (aged 78) from pulmonary complications at a hospital in Istanbul, and was laid to rest at Zincirlikuyu Cemetery. Thilda was also survived by her son Rasit Gögçel and a grandchild., Yas Kemal remarried on August 1, 2002 with Ayse Semiha Baban, a lecturer for public relations at Bilgi University in Istanbul. She was educated at the American University of Beirut, Bosphorus University and Harvard University.
Kemal was hospitalised on January 14, 2015 into the hospital of Istanbul University's Çapa Medical Faculty due to respiratory insufficiency. He died at age 92 in the afternoon of February 28, 2015 in the intensive care unit, where he was taken due to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Following the religious funeral service held at Tesvikiye Mosque, attended by former president of Turkey, political party leaders, high-ranked officials and a huge crowd, he was laid to rest in Zincirlikuyu Cemetery on March 2, 2015., rks: "I don't write about issues, I don't write for an audience, I don't even write for myself. I just write." -Interview with The Guardian.
Kemal published his first book Agitlar ('Ballads') in 1943, which was a compilation of folkloric themes. This book brought to light many long forgotten rhymes and ballads. He had begun to collect these ballads at the age of 16. His first stories Bebek ('The Baby'), Dükkanci ('The Shopkeeper') and Memet ile Memet ('Memet and Memet') were published in 1950. He penned his first tale Pis Hikaye ('The Dirty Story') in 1944, while he was serving in the military, in Kayseri. Then he published his book of short stories Sari Sicak ('Yellow Heat') in 1952. The initial point of his works was the toil of the people of the Çukurova plains and he based the themes of his writings on the lives and sufferings of these people. Kemal used the legends and stories of Anatolia extensively as the basis for his works. He received international acclaim with the publication of Memed, My Hawk (Turkish: Ince Memed) in 1955. In Ince Memed, Kemal criticises the fabric of the society through a legendary hero, a protagonist, who flees to the mountains as a result of the oppression of the Aghas. One of the most famous writers in Turkey, Kemal was noted for his command of the language and lyrical description of bucolic Turkish life. He was awarded 19 literary prizes during his lifetime and nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1973. His 1955 novel Teneke was adapted into a theatrical play, which was staged for almost one year in Gothenburg, Sweden, in the country where he lived for about two years in the late 1970s. Italian composer Fabio Vacchi adapted the same novel with the original title into an opera of three acts, which premiered at the Teatro alla Scala in Milano, Italy in 2007. Kemal was a major contributor to Turkish literature in the early years after the language's recreation as a literary language following Atatürk's Reforms of the 1930s.
Bibliography : Stories:  Sari Sicak, ("Yellow Heat") (1952)., Novels: Ince Memed (Memed, My Hawk) (1955), Teneke (The Drumming-Out) (1955), Orta Direk (The Wind from the Plain) (1960), Yer Demir Gök Bakir (Iron Earth, Copper Sky) (1963), Olmez Otu (The Undying Grass) (1968), Ince Memed II (They Burn the Thistles) (1969), Akçasazin Agalari/Demirciler Carsisi Cinayeti (The Agas of Akchasaz Trilogy/Murder in the Ironsmiths Market) (1974), Akçasazin Agalari/Yusufcuk Yusuf (The Agas of Akchasaz Trilogy/Yusuf, Little Yusuf) (1975), Yilani Oldürseler (To Crush the Serpent) (1976), Al Gozum Seyreyle Salih (The Saga of a Seagull) (1976), Allahin Askerleri (God's Soldiers) (1978), Kuslar da Gitti (The Birds Have Also Gone: Long Stories) (1978), Deniz Küstü (The Sea-Crossed Fisherman) (1978), Hüyükteki Nar Agaci (The Pomegranate on the Knoll) (1982), Yagmurcuk Kusu/Kimsecik I (Kimsecik I - Little Nobody I) (1980), Kale Kapisi/Kimsecik II (Kimsecik II - Little Nobody II)(1985), Kanin Sesi/Kimsecik III (Kimsecik III - Little Nobody III) (1991), Firat Suyu Kan Akiyor Baksana (Look, the Euphrates is Flowing with Blood) (1997), Karincanin Su Içtigi (Ant Drinking Water) (2002), Tanyeri Horozlari (The Cocks of Dawn) (2002), Epic Novels : Uc Anadolu Efsanesi (Three Anatolian Legends) (1967), Agridagi Efsanesi (The Legend of Mount Ararat) (1970) - the base of the opera Agri Dagi Efsanesi 1971, Binbogalar Efsanesi (The Legend of the Thousand Bulls) (1971), Cakircali Efe* (The Life Stories of the Famous Bandit Cakircali) (1972)
Reportages : Yanan Ormanlarda 50 Gün (Fifty Days in the Burning Forests) (1955), Çukurova Yana Yana (While Cukurova Burns) (1955), Peribacalari (The Fairy Chimneys) (1957), Bu Diyar Bastan Basa (Collected reportages) (1971), Bir Bulut Kayniyor (Collected reportages) (1974)
Experimental Works : Agitlar (Ballads) (1943), Tas Catlasa (At Most) (1961), Baldaki Tuz (The Salt in the Honey) (1959-74 newspaper articles), Gökyüzü Mavi Kaldi (The Sky remained Blue) (collection of folk literature in collaboration with S. Eyüboglu), Agacin Curugu (The Rotting Tree) (Articles and Speeches) (1980), Yayimlanmamis 10 Agit (10 Unpublished Ballads) (1985), Sari Defterdekiler (Contents of the Yellow Notebook) (Collected Folkloric works) (1997), Ustadir Ari (The Expert Bee) (1995), Zulmün Artsin (Increase Your Oppression) (1995)
Children's Books : Filler Sultani ile Kirmizi Sakalli Topal Karinca (The Sultan of the Elephants and the Red-Bearded Lame Ant) (1977)
Notable works : Agitlar ('Ballads'; debut), Ince Memed ('Memed, My Hawk'), Teneke ('The Drumming-Out'), Ince Memed II ('They Burn the Thistles')
Notable awards: Prix du Meilleur Livre Etranger 1979, Prix mondial Cino Del Duca 1982,Commandeur de la Légion d'Honneur de France, 1984, Peace Prize of the German Book Trade 1997 Grand Officier de la Légion d'Honneur de France 2011
Awards and distinctions : Literature prizes : "Seven Days in the World's Largest Farm" reportage series, Journalist's Association Prize, 1955, Varlik Prize for Ince Memed ('Memed, My Hawk'), 1956, Ilhan Iskender Award for the play adapted from his book with the same name, Teneke ('The Drumming-Out'), 1966, The International Nancy Theatre Festival - First Prize for Uzun Dere ('Long Brook'), 1966 -Theater adaptation from roman Iron Earth, Copper Sky., Madarli Novel Award for Demirciler Carsisi ('Murder in the Ironsmith's Market'), 1974, Choix du Syndicat des Critiques Litteraires pour le meilleur roman etranger (Eté/Automne 1977) pour Terre de Fer, Ciel de Cuivre ('Yer Demir, Gok Bakir'), Prix du Meilleur Livre Etranger 1978 pour L'Herbe qui ne meurt pas (Olmez Otu); Paris, Janvier 1979., Prix mondial Cino Del Duca decerné pour contributions a l'humanisme moderne; Paris, Octobre 1982.
The Sedat Simavi Foundation Award for Literature; Istanbul, Turkey, 1985., Premi Internacional Catalunya. Catalonia (Spain), 1996, Lillian Hellman/Dashiell Hammett Award for Courage in Response to Repression, Human Rights Watch, USA, 1996., Stig Dagerman Prize (Swedish: Stig Dagermanpriset), Sweden, 1997., Peace Prize of the German Book Trade (German: Friedenspreis des Deutschen Buchhandels), Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 1997., Premio Internazionale Nonino for collected works, Italy, 1997, Bordeaux, Prix Ecureuit de Litterature Etrangere, 1998, Z. Homer Poetry Award, 2003, Savanos Prize (Thessalonika-Greece), 2003, Turkish Publisher's Association Lifetime Achievement Award, 2003, Presidential Cultural and Artistic Grand Prize, 2008, The Bjørnson Prize (Norwegian: Bjørnsonprisen), Norway, 2013., Decorations: Commandeur de la Legion d'Honneur de France; Paris, 1984., Commandeur des Arts et des Lettres, Paris, 1989., Grand Officier de la Légion d'Honneur de France; Paris, 2011., Krikor Naregatsi Medal of Armenia, 2013.
Honorary Doctorates : Doctor Honoris Causa, Strasbourg University, France, 1991., Doctor Honoris Causa, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey, 1992., Honorary Doctorate, Bilkent University, 2002, Honorary Doctorate, Çukurova University, 2009, Honorary Doctorate, Bogazici University, 200.,  Honorary Doctorate, Bilgi University, 2014.
-Wikipedia, free encyclopedia

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Cricket »

ICC WC Trophy to arrive in Bangladesh today


ICC World Cup (WC) Trophy will arrive in Bangladesh today as part of its worldwide 'Trophy Tour' ahead of ICC Cricket World Cup 2019 scheduled to be held in England.The trophy will be visiting Bangladesh's three cities - Dhaka, Sylhet and Chattogram over five days period. It will be displayed ...

Sports »

In this photo provided by the OIS/IOC, Russia's Mariya Kochanova competes in the Women's High Jump at the Athletics Field during the Youth Olympic Games in Buenos Aires, Argentina on Monday.


International »

Maldives court rejects Yameen's secret witnesses


AFP, Colombo :The Maldives' top court rejected on Tuesday three "secret" witnesses offered by President Abdulla Yameen in his petition to have his September election defeat annulled, in what is likely a major blow to his case.The refusal came as the Supreme Court concluded its hearings, which also saw Yameen ...

Business & Economy »

Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen dies


AFP, San Francisco :Paul Allen, who founded Microsoft with Bill Gates in the 1970s and later went on to become an investor, philanthropist and sports team owner, died Monday after his latest battle with cancer at age 65."My brother was a remarkable individual on every level. While most knew Paul ...

Entertainment »

Being married to Tom Crusie kept me from being sexually harassed: Nicole Kidman


Nicole Kidman says she had married Tom Cruise for love and tying the knot with the actor inadvertently shielded her from being sexually harassed in Hollywood. The 51-year-old actor, who was married to Cruise for 11 years, said after their divorce in 2001, she had to start looking after herself. ...

Editorial »

Question paper leakage continues: Incompetence is everywhere


QUESTION paper leaks have become epidemic before all public exams, university admission tests, and job recruitment tests during the current administration allegedly by some students and unscrupulous teachers along with office staffs. Detectives in recent times busted dens of criminals involved in the question leakage but the unholy nexus between ...

Football »

US headed to Women's World Cup with 6-0 win over Jamaica


AP, Frisco :The U.S. women's national team breezed through CONCACAF qualifying to secure a spot in the World Cup next year in France.The Americans still have to face Canada."Just because we qualified for the World Cup doesn't mean we're going to take our foot off the gas," Alex Morgan said. ...

Cricket »

India ready to unleash 'fearless' Shaw, Pant on Australia


"Fearless" young batting stars Prithvi Shaw and Rishabh Pant will be India's special weapons during their upcoming tour of Australia, according to captain Virat Kohli.Hailing the roles of 18-year-old Shaw and 21-year-old Pant in the two-Test victory over the West Indies, Kohli said they had been given free rein to ...

International »

Saudi Arabia warns against any sanctions over missing Khashoggi case


Reuters, Washington :Saudi Arabia on Sunday warned against threats to punish it over last week's disappearance of journalist Jamal Khashoggi, as European leaders piled on pressure and two more US executives scrapped plans to attend a Saudi investor conference.Khashoggi, a US resident and Washington Post columnist critical of Riyadh's policies, ...

International »

Prince Harry and wife Meghan expecting a baby


AFP, London :Prince Harry and his wife Meghan, the Duchess of Sussex, are expecting a baby in the spring of 2019, they announced on Monday as they began a Pacific tour."The Royal Highnesses the Duke and Duchess of Sussex are very pleased to announce that the Duchess of Sussex is ...

Entertainment »

Ranveer-Sara soak up the Swiss Sun with Rohit Shetty


Bollywood stars Ranveer Singh and Sara Ali Khan, who are in Switzerland to shoot for their upcoming action-drama Simmba, look all geared up for the weekend and their recent picture is a proof! Taking to her Instagram, Sara shared snaps from the set in which she can be seen posing ...

City »

BNP Standing Committee Member Amir Khasru Mahmud Chowdhury speaking at a rally organised by Nagorik Adhikar Andolon Forum at the Jatiya Press Club on Monday to meet its various demands including withdrawal of false cases filed against BNP Chief Begum Khaleda Zia and her son Tarique Rahman.


Editorial »

Take seriously the promise made to the editors


The Editors' Council will form a human chain in front of the National Press Club today (Monday) to press for amendments to nine sections of the Digital Security Act. Earlier, the Council postponed the same program following an assurance from three ministers including the information minister Hasanul Haq Inu that ...

Sports »

Marcelo Melo of Brazil (left) and his partner Lukasz Kubot of Poland bite their winning trophy as they pose for photographers after beating Jamie Murray of Britain and Bruno Shares of Brazil in the men's doubles final match of the Shanghai Masters tennis tournament at Qizhong Forest Sports City Tennis Center in Shanghai, China on Sunday.


International »

Trump explains `eligibility` for those who want to come to US


PTI, Washington :US President Donald Trump has said that he wants people with merit, who can help, to enter the country and not sneak inside the border illegally."I'm very tough at the borders. We've been very tough at the borders. People have to come into our country legally, not illegally. ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news