** Excessive fuel price hike causing terrible hardship yet govt admits no regret ** Bangladesh received $732m loan from IMF as balance-of-payment aid for Covid ** A group of students holds a sit-in programme by tying black clothes over their faces in front of the Petrobangla building at Karwan Bazar on Wednesday to protest against the fuel price hike and demand the resignation of Bangladesh Petroleum Corporation (BPC) Chairman ABM Azad. NN photo ** ‘Hike in fuel price could have been avoided’ ** Finance minister warns on BRI loans from China ** The major rivers in Barishal division flow over the danger level that causes inundation in most of the areas of Barishal city. The photo was taken from Vola Kheyaghat area of Tetulia River on Wednesday. NN photo ** BD did not ask Swiss banks for its citizens' deposited money : Swiss envoy ** Dollar soars to record Tk 119 in kerb market ** Dysfunctional referral system creates anarchy in medical services ** Health ministry's TC law strengthening initiatives welcomed ** Forget western sanctions on Myanmar, instead, think of an emergency govt to save us from impending catastrophe ** Young man set his motorcycle on fire after getting angry with traffic sergeant ** Vehicles get stuck on Dhaka-Chattogram Highway at Gouripur, Daudkandi Upazila in Cumilla on Monday morning as a long tailback was created on the road due to heavy pressure of vehicles, causing immense sufferings to the commuters. NN photo ** Dollar rate hits all time high at Tk 115 in kerb mkt ** RMG sector loses bargaining power ** US Senate clears landmark climate change bill ** Rape, robbery in running bus on the rise ** Holy Ashura today ** Country takes on more reserve fattening World Bank loans ** Launches remain anchored at Daulatdia ferry ghat in Rajbari on Saturday due to lack of passengers. NN photo ** City buses overcharge passengers defying govt order ** NBR yet to receive any instruction for tax cut on fuel import ** People to bear the brunt ** Low, middle income earners puzzled to bear family cost ** Gang raped on running bus: 5 held in Gazipur **

Rohingyas remain stateless people

06 November 2021
Rohingyas remain stateless people

Mohammad Amjad Hossain :
It is an irony to note that Rohingya people of Myanmar have been residing in Arakan of Burma now known as Myanmar since the 12th century while renamed as Rakhine state of Arakan. Rohingya has been residing since 12th century but their citizenship was removed by President Thein Sein in 2012 following change of the constitution. Rohinghya is the ethnic group of Muslim along with 135 ethnic groups of Myanmar, a predominantly Buddhist country.  
The latest exodus of Rohingyas has begun on 25 August in 2017 when violence broke out in Rakhine of Myanmar blaming the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army which was reportedly attacked two dozen small security installations in northern Rakhine state. The Bangladesh government accommodated them in a make-shift arrangement in Cox's Bazar. Since there was no progress for repatriation the Government of Bangladesh in fact decided to relocate Rohingyas to Bashanchar in the Bay of Bengal. The government in fact shifted Rohingya refugees to Bashanchar in spite of objection of the United Nations High Commissioner and humanitarian groups on the ground that Bhashanchar was in fact is only 30 years old island which is subjected to be regularly submerged during monsoon rains. In fact, the government of Bangladesh has spent $ 11.2 million in developing the area by adding sea walls, hospitals, schools and mosques. Having signed an agreement on 9 October, 2021 by United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees with the government of Bangladesh following a visit of Bhasanchar, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees is on record saying that the agreement was a further expression of the Bangladesh government generosity and support toward the Rohingya population until they can return safely and sustainably to Myanmar.
As of now Bangladesh government has moved nearly 20,000 Rohingya refugees to Bhasanchar, a remote silt Island in the Bay of Bengal. As of now the refugee problem of Myanmar who took shelter in Bangladesh has not yet been resolved. The United Nations International Criminal Court at Hague issued an order on 22 June of 2020 directing Myanmar to safeguard the mostly Muslim Rohingyas in western Rakhine state of Myanmar as a part of provisional measure until the trial started but the court did not say even a word for Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh.   
The International court of Justice (ICJ) in the Hague on January 23 0f 2020 ordered Myanmar to take all necessary measures to protect Rohingya Muslims from   genocide while in late 2017 Myanmar's military junta massacred tens of thousands Rohingyas, committed widespread rapes and torched dozens of villages. In fact, a campaign of ethnic cleansing forced 740,000 Rohingyas to flee to Bangladesh while 600,000 remained in Myanmar. By now the general assembly of the United Nations on 18 June, 2021 in a resolution asked all weapons sellers to stop the flow of arms to Myanmar while urging Myanmar military junta to release all political detainees. China and Russia remained abstained. It is high time that China and India should think about their role in Myanmar in view of popular trend against Myanmar armed forces.

(Mohammad Amjad Hossain, retired diplomat from Bangladesh and former President of Nova Toastmaster International club of USA).

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