Teachers not only teaches, they create environment for learning08 November 2022
Dr Md Mahmudul Hassan :
In my long experience of teaching, I have found that good teachers always take care of the students. Good teachers know the content and also know how to explain it. Good teachers expect high levels of student performance and strive to make it a reality. Good teachers are great performers and storytellers that capture the attention of their students.
The word "teacher" refers to the flow of knowledge and skills from one person to another. Whether it is a lecture or a Power Point presentation, it involves exchange of ideas and interaction with students. It is generally seen as the fastest and easiest way of imparting knowledge and skills. This is similar to the heutagogy learning technique, which is a student-centered learning process. According to the educationist and philosopher Socrates, the teacher only creates the learning environment to bring out the learning from the students. As he said of the respondents with only one answer to multiple questions in front of everyone present, "Look what he has produced, like the greatest invention of all time." We call it the Socratic Method.
Even if the teacher wants to teach the student, he cannot teach. As Socrates said, "A teacher cannot teach his student anything. Because the student has already known everything. He just doesn't know that he knows that." The teacher's job is to tell him what he really knows. The main task of the teacher is to break the mistake of knowing that the subject is unknown to the student. He just has to create such an environment or process, so that the students themselves can bring out what is inside them. If you do more than this, the teacher's labor becomes dull, and the student's learning path becomes long and difficult. If the teacher researches the learning-teaching strategies of the students, then he himself understands what he is doing or what will make the learning of the students worthwhile and productive.
Socrates tried to take the Athenians through this process. He used to ask very simple questions like 'what is mercy', 'what is courage' and so on. When respondents answered, he would reply back. For example, 'What is justice?' In answer to this question, when a merchant named Cephalos said that justice consists in telling the truth and repaying debts, Socrates gave the opposite example, saying, "Suppose you borrow a weapon from a friend, and when you return it you find that it has become deformed.", then would it be right to return the weapon to him in that situation? Cephalos surrendered. But the argument-counter-argument or example-counter-example continued. Thus the old concept changed and a new definition was created. That is, Socrates did not impose his own ideas on Cephalos, but took him through a process so that he could come to a rational conclusion on his own.
A great teacher simply creates an imperative stimulus for students to learn skills or knowledge. Then show them that they have learned it by doing something they can do. This is called project or assignment based learning. If the teacher tries to teach by imposing something on the students, it can fail a lot. This increases the teacher's suffering and the student loses interest in learning.
Plato, Aristotle, Rousseau, John Dewey and many others have thought in this vein of Socrates. This may be why it is now considered more effective to involve the student in the learning process than to teach something directly. A great teacher thinks about the students and identifies their weak points and creates a happy atmosphere in the classroom so that they can learn on their own. If an interest in learning can be created by introducing unknown information to students, they can learn it quickly, willingly and happily. And this is the great work of the teacher.
If the teacher adopts a student-centered teaching-learning method then it can be the best teaching strategy. In this, students can become active in acquiring knowledge. However, the teacher must have expertise in various methods and techniques. When the teacher presents his teaching materials to the students, they can learn in their own way. That is practical education. It develops a good relationship between student and teacher and teacher-student and student-student interaction. One acts as a facilitator or facilitator of learning, and he is the teacher.
Thus, the main responsibility of the teacher is not to teach, but to create a suitable learning environment for the student. Therefore, every student needs to know, love and inspire the teacher separately. If the teacher can create a student-centered learning environment in the classroom, then the student does not have to forcefully swallow the knowledge. Whether simple or difficult, it is the responsibility of our teachers to adopt a teaching method based on the philosophy of Socrates in all educational programs. The teacher has to think how difficult or easy it will be for the teacher to do this task. If he can explain his teaching technique to the students once, the students will not have difficulty in learning it. If students can be given such practice environment in the classroom or school, they can learn it themselves and that education will be a useful and fruitful education for them, which will be useful in their lifelong career and become a great and successful person when they become a teacher. Therefore, the main effort of our teachers' teaching strategies will not be to teach, but to create a learning environment.
(The writer is Principal, Daffodil International School).