** Islami Jubo Khelafat Bangladesh stages a demonstration in front of Baitul Mukarram National Mosque in the capital on Friday to protest the burning of the Holy Quran in Sweden and the Israeli aggression against Palestinian Muslims. ** Shoppers in thousands throng the Dhaka International Trade Fair (DITF) at newly inaugurated Bangabandhu Bangladesh-China Friendship Exhibition Centre at Purbachal on Friday. ** 18 years of Kibria murder Trial deferred repeatedly due to lack of witnesses ** Gas supply shortage hits households, industries ** Production remains halted in 8 Ctg power plants ** Israeli violence BD condemns killing of ten Palestinians ** HC-order to ban single-use plastic items ** 532 students commit suicide in 2022 ** ‘Work of Rooppur Nuclear Power Plant will not be stopped’ ** Protests against Quran burning held across Middle East ** More delay in change will lead to more miseries for people ** Chaos between bench and bar ** Workers busy preparing stalls for the month-long Amar Ekushey Boi Mela, which is scheduled to begin on the Bangla Academy premises and part of Suhrawardy Udyan in the capital from February 1. NN photo ** USAID announces additional $75m assistance for Rohingyas ** Sugar price rises by Tk 5 per kg ** Germany, US, to send battle tanks to help Ukraine fight off Russia ** Israel army kills nine Palestinians ** DCs confce ends with numbers of directives by govt ** ACC files another case against Mannan, 11 others ** Raju arrested over Ekushey Padak journo murder case ** DCs asked to stop illegal sand lifting from rivers ** Refusal of bail and deaths in police custody must be taken as violation of constitutional rights against torture and right to life ** Hike gas prices in phases: BGMEA ** Presidential election scheduled for Feb 19 ** ‘Distorted history in textbooks to lead the nation to destruction’ **

Nanotechnology to grab 4IR opportunities

15 November 2022

Liton Chandro Sarkar :
Scientists and researchers have developed several innovative technologies which have made human's existence increasingly helpful. Nanotechnology is one of the frontier technologies to aid a nation in the fourth industrial revolution (4IR). It will be an important tool to grab the front seat in the global competition to move forward.  Now it is assumed that the next industrial revolution is right around the corner because of nanotechnology. Nanotechnology now holds a billion-dollar market globally. For example, by 2025, the USA is expected to have an economy of $3.5billion market as opposed to the $1 billion in 2018.
Bangladesh is still in the crawling stage of nanotechnology, but the government of Bangladesh is open to supporting the endeavours of the people related to science so that the lives of the people are developed in a fair and equitable environment. At a time when Bangladesh's single-product export base is struggling to cope with the global market vulnerability amid the pandemic, studies show a ray of hope that the country could earn $22 billion more annually if liberal market access could be utilized with diversified items.Europe, the Americas, Japan and China are among the potential markets for the additional amount, which is more than half of the country's current export earnings. The Economic Relations Division (ERD), in a study, founds that $18.34 billion worth of export potentials remain unexplored in the top ten export destinations, while another study of the Research and Policy Integration for Development (RAPID) says there is a scope of at least $4 billion in export earnings from China alone. Experts say every country except for the US is offering duty-free access for Bangladeshi products to its market, but Bangladesh cannot cash in on it in the absence of necessary initiatives of the government and the private sector. According to the ERD report, only six export sectors - RMG, leather, pharmaceuticals, plastics, footwear and shrimp have the potential to bag $18.34 billion more, while their current export earnings stand at $31.21 billion.
Nanotechnology overcomes the limitations of applying conventional method to impart certain properties to industry materials. There is no doubt that over the years, nanotechnology has penetrated into every area of the RMG, leather, pharmaceuticals, plastics, footwear etc.  industries and its presence will continue to increase. Nanotechnology at the molecular level can be used to develop desired and diversified characteristics of products. The potential of nanotechnology to revolutionise the RMG, health care, materials, information and communication technology, and energy sectors has been well-publicised. In fact, several products enabled by nanotechnology are already in the market, such as antibacterial dressings, transparent sunscreen lotions, stain-resistant fabrics, scratch free paints for cars, and self-cleaning windows. Day by day, the importance of nanotechnology in the industrial sectors is increasing all over the world. China, India, Japan and many other countries already have taken necessary steps to give a new shape of their industry through nanotechnology. The USA has invested 6.7 billion dollars through its National Nanotechnology Institute followed by Japan with 2.8 million and the European Union 4.2 billion. India introduced the technology four decades back in telecom, computing, aerospace and solar energy. While Malaysia launched strategic research on it in 2001, Thailand founded national nanotech centre two year later.
At this stage we should establish 'Center for Nanotechnology Research (CNR)' is a specialized research center involving multidisciplinary sciences and technologies at universities of Bangladesh with the aim of conducting research in the area of nanotechnology to solve the national problems using local resources targeting to contribute to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. Under the CNR, multidisciplinary academic degrees and research on nanoelectronics, nanomaterials, nanomedicines, nanoagriculture, nanomanufacturing and green nanotechnology will adversely contribute to achieving SDGs. In addition to research activities, CNR regularly arranges seminar, webinars and symposium on nanotechnology, and collaborates with companies, scientists and researchers from local and foreign organizations. According to Center for Nanotechnology, Department of Natural Sciences, Coppin State University, USA research, currently there are 278 college and university degree programs in nanotechnology and nanoscience offered around the world. As of November 2022, there are 146 Masters degree programs, 69 Bachelor degree programs, 39 PhD degree programss, and 24 other programs like certifications spread across 30 countries of Europe, Asia and North America.
It is therefore imperative that all students, whatever their major, learn about nanotechnology and become aware about its implications early in their lives. Such awareness will help them remain attentive to the fast developments that will take place as they grow and mature, which in turn will empower them to take the necessary steps to remain competitive in their professional lives. The stage is set for all members of the academia to join in and explore the multiple connections of nanotechnology to all aspects of human endeavor, and to lead the society into ethically harvesting and responsibly enjoying the many benefits that will be derived from it.

(The writer is Deputy Inspector of Colleges, Bangladesh University of Professional).

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