No option but to enhance skills of migrant workers

27 December 2022

Bangladesh is earning less remittance considering its potential as unskilled workers dominate its overseas job market. The country makes fewer remittances from millions of workforces as most of them are semi-skilled or unskilled than their Asian counterparts. But there is a huge demand for Bangladeshi skilled and trained labourers abroad. World Bank data showed Bangladesh earned $22.1 billion in 2021 while the less populated Egypt earned $27.76 billion and the other less populated Philippines earned $31.4 billion in the same year. The International Organisation for Migration report in 2020 also found that high-skilled workers remit more money than low-skilled workers.
It is to be noted that Bangladesh sends several lakhs of workers every year to different countries in order to earn foreign currency to boost the national economy by providing manpower to those who have shortages. As per the data, the contribution of remittances to economic development accounts for 12 per cent of total GDP, and Bangladesh is the eighth largest remittance-receiving country. There is a huge demand for skilled and well-trained labour in countries in Europe, Asia and other territories. The unskilled Bangladeshi migrant workers are not able to find the desired jobs. Moreover, they are subjected to various abuses and exploitation. More skills and training preparation can help them boost their confidence and give them the courage to fight against any human rights violations and abuses.
It is also concerning that Bangladeshis have the potential to find jobs in over 150 countries in several hundred trades; the country has sent over 87 per cent of workers, mostly unskilled, to only several Middle Eastern countries. The country fails to send well-trained workers as per the demands of different host countries. There are about 72 technical training (TTC) centres including six Institute of Marine Technology across the country. But most of the training centres are suffering from shortages of instructors as dozens of cases about disputes of appointment of the teachers are in courts.
Educationists for many decades have been asking to emphasise on technical education but much importance is not paid there rather general education is boosted and promoted.

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